Städte mit mehr als 1 Million Einwohnern im Jahr 2050

Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Zürich - Metropole (66 Orte) Switzerland (i) 353 km² 1 %
1,103,000
1,248,000
1,438,000
1,566,000
1,822,000
Zunyi (i) China (i) Guizhou (i) 145 km² 8.5 %
1,432,000
2,315,000
2,917,000
2,853,000
2,708,000
Zomba Malawi 25 km² 6 %
116,000
209,000
522,000
1,087,000
1,182,000
Zinder Niger 26 km² 4.5 %
366,000
691,000
1,243,000
2,113,000
1,965,000
Ziguinchor Senegal (i) 25 km² 3 %
249,000
380,000
750,000
1,130,000
1,260,000
Zigong (i) China (i) Sichuan (i) 103 km² 4.3 %
544,000
881,000
1,170,000
1,245,000
1,195,000
Zibo China (i) Shandong (i) 169 km² 2.1 %
1,267,000
1,545,000
1,507,000
1,455,000
1,339,000
Zhuzhou -2030 mit Changsha fusioniert* China (i) Hunan 130 km² 2.2 %
1,177,000
1,706,000
2,064,000
2,050,000
1,935,000
Zhuozhou China (i) Hebei (i) 46 km² 3 %
461,000
850,000
1,100,000
1,500,000
1,660,000
Zhumadian China (i) Henan 97 km² 2.5 %
772,000
1,082,000
1,337,000
1,281,000
1,185,000
Zhuhai China (i) Guangdong (i) 237 km² 5.5 %
1,501,000
2,682,000
3,130,000
3,375,000
3,559,000
Zhoukou-Shangshui China (i) Henan 99 km² 4.2 %
763,000
1,144,000
1,236,000
1,215,000
1,095,000
Zhenjiang China (i) Jiangsu 89 km² 2.8 %
979,000
1,228,000
1,333,000
1,273,000
1,197,000
Zhengzhou China (i) Henan 1,575 km² 5.6 %
5,998,000
9,563,000
12,324,000
13,358,000
12,870,000
Zhaoqing-Dinghu-Gaoyao China (i) Guangdong (i) 144 km² 6 %
1,150,000
1,871,000
2,030,000
1,965,000
1,847,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Zhanjiang-Potou China (i) Guangdong (i) 117 km² 2 %
1,598,000
1,865,000
1,958,000
1,892,000
1,788,000
Zhangjiagang China (i) Jiangsu 125 km² 3.1 %
812,000
1,127,000
1,303,000
1,375,000
1,359,000
Zaria Nigeria (i) 126 km² 3.1 %
1,006,000
1,616,000
2,145,000
2,734,000
3,184,000
Zanzibar City/Sansibar Tanzania 78 km² 3.3 %
831,000
1,288,000
2,125,000
3,187,000
3,335,000
Zamboanga Philippines 51 km² 2.5 %
767,000
1,043,000
1,502,000
2,062,000
2,208,000
Zahedan Iran Sistan e Baluchistan 88 km² 1.8 %
661,000
926,000
1,268,000
1,553,000
1,630,000
Yulin China (i) Guangxi 74 km² 3.5 %
771,000
1,075,000
1,376,000
1,527,000
1,525,000
Yueyang China (i) Hunan 96 km² 3.1 %
1,489,000
2,114,000
2,365,000
2,545,000
2,442,000
Yogyakarta Indonesia 390 km² 1 %
2,069,000
2,420,000
2,665,000
2,715,000
2,595,000
Yiyang China (i) Hunan 59 km² 3.5 %
646,000
917,000
1,283,000
1,437,000
1,355,000
Yiwu-Dongyang China (i) Zhejiang (i) 223 km² 3.5 %
1,338,000
1,842,000
2,127,000
2,080,000
1,886,000
Yinning/Gulja China (i) Xinjiang/Sinkiang 92 km² 3.5 %
506,000
718,000
1,005,000
1,336,000
1,535,000
Yinchuan China (i) Ningxia Huizhou 367 km² 4.6 %
1,662,000
2,592,000
3,008,000
3,359,000
3,154,000
Yichang (i) China (i) Hubei (i) 118 km² 5.5 %
1,833,000
2,805,000
3,216,000
3,355,000
3,281,000
Yibin (i) China (i) Sichuan (i) 77 km² 4.6 %
616,000
1,034,000
1,353,000
1,370,000
1,302,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Yenagoa -Neues Stadtprojekt- Nigeria (i) 89 km² 6 %
522,000
1,510,000
2,040,000
2,535,000
2,655,000
Yaounde Cameroon 258 km² 4 %
3,480,000
5,305,000
7,735,000
9,535,000
11,331,000
Yantai China (i) Shandong (i) 220 km² 3.5 %
1,870,000
2,552,000
3,087,000
3,256,000
3,220,000
Yangzhou-Jiangdu China (i) Jiangsu 183 km² 1.3 %
1,837,000
2,095,000
2,061,000
1,973,000
1,865,000
Yangjiang China (i) Guangdong (i) 120 km² 2.5 %
859,000
1,074,000
1,205,000
1,158,000
1,060,000
Yancheng China (i) Jiangsu 136 km² 2.5 %
1,428,000
1,727,000
1,705,000
1,364,000
1,150,000
Yanbu (i) Saudi Arabia (i) 110 km² 3.5 %
310,000
481,000
815,000
1,060,000
1,175,000
Yamunagar-Jagadhri India (i) Haryana 44 km² 3.6 %
571,000
827,000
1,033,000
1,145,000
1,269,000
Yamousoukro Côte d’Ivoire 57 km² 3.5 %
391,000
858,000
1,657,000
2,521,000
3,345,000
Xuzhou China (i) Jiangsu 332 km² 1.5 %
2,800,000
3,275,000
3,217,000
3,035,000
2,856,000
Xuchang China (i) Henan 117 km² 3.6 %
819,000
1,105,000
1,358,000
1,337,000
1,230,000
Xinyang China (i) Henan 78 km² 4.5 %
755,000
1,147,000
1,433,000
1,505,000
1,455,000
Xinxiang China (i) Henan 108 km² 2.6 %
865,000
1,258,000
1,450,000
1,461,000
1,381,000
Xining China (i) Qinghai 191 km² 4.3 %
1,677,000
2,431,000
3,051,000
3,375,000
3,670,000
Xingyi (i) China (i) Guizhou (i) 54 km² 6.5 %
552,000
928,000
1,170,000
1,125,000
1,035,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Xingtai China (i) Hebei (i) 126 km² 1 %
882,000
1,023,000
1,151,000
1,105,000
976,000
Xiangyang/Xiangfan (i) China (i) Hubei (i) 252 km² 5.6 %
1,533,000
2,452,000
3,065,000
3,030,000
2,918,000
Xiangtan -2035 mit Changsha fusioniert* China (i) Hunan 134 km² 5.5 %
851,000
1,506,000
1,941,000
2,038,000
1,957,000
Xiamen (i) China (i) Fujian (i) 970 km² 3.5 %
5,857,000
8,013,000
8,369,000
8,185,000
7,890,000
Xi'an-Xianyang China (i) Shaanxi 806 km² 2.5 %
7,260,000
10,035,000
12,290,000
12,065,000
11,631,000
Wuxi (i) China (i) Jiangsu 524 km² 1.8 %
4,081,000
4,525,000
4,682,000
4,533,000
4,230,000
Wuhu China (i) Anhui 200 km² 4.5 %
779,000
1,184,000
1,307,000
1,242,000
1,161,000
Wuhan (i) China (i) Hubei (i) 706 km² 3.1 %
9,520,000
13,330,000
14,485,000
14,123,000
13,502,000
Wladiwostok (i) Russia (i) Primorskij (i) 195 km² 0.5 %
728,000
800,000
927,000
1,102,000
1,265,000
Winnipeg Canada (i) Manitoba 336 km² 1.4 %
728,000
817,000
933,000
1,075,000
1,287,000
Windhuk (i) Namibia (i) 111 km² 4.5 %
505,000
798,000
1,239,000
2,105,000
3,000,000
Wien Metropole (i) Austria (i) 522 km² 1.1 %
2,244,000
2,489,000
2,757,000
3,100,000
3,435,000
Wien (i) Austria (i) 415 km² 1 %
1,981,000
2,202,000
2,507,000
2,732,000
2,882,000
Wenzhou China (i) Zhejiang (i) 368 km² 4 %
3,128,000
4,530,000
5,353,000
5,675,000
5,652,000
Weihei China (i) Shandong (i) 96 km² 3.6 %
816,000
1,126,000
1,373,000
1,428,000
1,377,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Weifang China (i) Shandong (i) 252 km² 2.5 %
1,560,000
1,957,000
2,022,000
1,941,000
1,815,000
Wau South Sudan 25 km² 5 %
300,000
545,000
953,000
1,388,000
1,517,000
Washington Metropole (i) United States (i) Distrikt of Columbia (i) 2,695 km² 0.4 %
3,710,000
4,122,000
4,575,000
5,012,000
5,458,000
Warschau (i) Poland (i) 527 km² 15 %
2,276,000
2,636,000
2,885,000
3,155,000
3,512,000
Warri Nigeria (i) 147 km² 2.5 %
1,403,000
1,887,000
2,156,000
2,580,000
2,650,000
Warangal-Hanamkonda India (i) Telangana 86 km² 3.8 %
1,169,000
1,876,000
2,225,000
2,521,000
2,700,000
Wanzhou (i) China (i) Chongqing (i) 60 km² 4 %
928,000
1,327,000
1,618,000
1,723,000
1,685,000
Wad Madani Sudan 61 km² 3 %
471,000
737,000
1,457,000
1,966,000
2,219,000
Vung Tau Vietnam 70 km² 3.5 %
351,000
652,000
1,435,000
1,650,000
1,583,000
Vitoria-Metropole Brazil (i) 357 km² 1.3 %
1,830,000
2,278,000
2,433,000
2,554,000
2,825,000
Vishakhapatnam India (i) Andhra Pradesh 168 km² 4.1 %
2,661,000
4,204,000
6,329,000
8,136,000
9,112,000
Vijaiyavada-Amaravati (i) India (i) Andhra Pradesh 320 km² 4 %
2,405,000
7,175,000
10,158,000
12,000,000
12,270,000
Vientiane/Viangshan Laos 182 km² 3.3 %
620,000
1,055,000
1,603,000
2,158,000
2,400,000
Veracruz-Boca del Rio Mexico (i) Veracruz (i) 147 km² 1 %
742,000
845,000
950,000
1,045,000
1,040,000
Varanasi (i) India (i) Uttar Pradesh 190 km² 3.5 %
2,457,000
3,626,000
6,878,000
12,125,000
14,000,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Vapi (i) India (i) Gujarat 23 km² 5 %
285,000
2,000,000
2,734,000
3,175,000
3,385,000
Vancouver Canada (i) British Columbia 804 km² 2.5 %
2,542,000
3,052,000
4,133,000
5,458,000
7,056,000
Van Turkey (i) Ostanatolien 103 km² 1.8 %
621,000
860,000
1,056,000
1,205,000
1,390,000
Valparaiso (i) Chile 155 km² 0.8 %
1,026,000
1,195,000
1,374,000
1,545,000
1,776,000
Valencia Metropole Spain (i) 132 km² 0.3 %
1,606,000
1,731,000
1,990,000
2,317,000
2,460,000
Valencia (i) Venezuela (i) 247 km² 1 %
1,568,000
1,777,000
4,012,000
4,633,000
5,003,000
Uyo Nigeria (i) 124 km² 3.5 %
1,026,000
1,866,000
2,426,000
3,382,000
3,878,000
Uvira Congo - Kinshasa (i) 23 km² 5.1 %
552,000
891,000
1,257,000
1,869,000
2,510,000
Ütrecht-Zeist Netherlands (i) 147 km² 0.8 %
804,000
936,000
1,041,000
1,142,000
1,315,000
Ürümqi (i) China (i) Xinjiang/Sinkiang 456 km² 5.5 %
4,057,000
6,531,000
9,661,000
11,076,000
11,250,000
Urmia/Urmai/Orumiyeh Iran Azerbayejan e Gharbi 88 km² 1.5 %
812,000
1,023,000
1,207,000
1,352,000
1,355,000
Urfa Turkey (i) Südostanatolien 66 km² 1.4 %
826,000
925,000
1,038,000
1,131,000
1,166,000
Umuaia Nigeria (i) 50 km² 2.6 %
586,000
858,000
1,086,000
1,325,000
1,531,000
Ulan Bator Mongolia 231 km² 2.5 %
1,466,000
2,073,000
2,436,000
3,078,000
3,482,000
Ujjain India (i) Madhya Pradesh 40 km² 3 %
743,000
1,035,000
1,451,000
1,886,000
1,961,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Ufa Russia (i) Baschkortostan (i) 221 km² 0.35 %
1,150,000
1,071,000
1,121,000
1,008,000
923,000
Udaipur India (i) Rajastan 76 km² 3.3 %
736,000
1,175,000
1,891,000
2,428,000
2,905,000
Tuxtla Gutierrez (i) Mexico (i) Chiapas (i) 90 km² 2.5 %
634,000
859,000
1,231,000
1,415,000
1,465,000
Tunis Tunisia 392 km² 1.3 %
2,534,000
2,990,000
3,355,000
3,589,000
3,842,000
Tumkur India (i) Karnataka 42 km² 4.8 %
468,000
803,000
1,506,000
1,761,000
2,000,000
Tucuman Argentina (i) Tucuman (i) 181 km² 1 %
985,000
1,118,000
1,291,000
1,407,000
1,452,000
Tucson United States (i) Arizona (i) 850 km² 0.7 %
793,000
885,000
991,000
1,115,000
1,137,000
Tshikapa Congo - Kinshasa (i) 27 km² 5 %
506,000
981,000
1,562,000
2,143,000
2,518,000
Tscheljabinsk (i) Russia (i) Cel'abinsk (i) 460 km² -0.5 %
1,334,000
1,228,000
1,215,000
1,105,000
1,055,000
Trujillo (i) Peru 87 km² 1.2 %
987,000
1,234,000
1,441,000
1,657,000
1,728,000
Trissur India (i) Kerala 242 km² 1.5 %
989,000
1,147,000
1,261,000
1,286,000
1,209,000
Tripolis Libya 667 km² 2.5 %
1,665,000
2,181,000
2,748,000
3,325,000
3,690,000
Toulouse France (i) Okzitanien (i) 357 km² 0.4 %
849,000
959,000
1,151,000
1,360,000
1,475,000
Touba-Mbake Senegal (i) 165 km² 5 %
872,000
1,260,000
1,610,000
2,070,000
2,500,000
Torreon-Gomez Palacio Mexico (i) Coahuila (i) 210 km² 1.5 %
1,087,000
1,272,000
1,410,000
1,387,000
1,336,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Toronto-Hamilton Canada (i) Ontario 2,255 km² 1.4 %
6,733,000
7,506,000
8,721,000
10,256,000
12,135,000
Torino (Turin-Metropole) Italy (i) Piemont/Piemonte (i) 300 km² -0.2 %
1,605,000
1,635,000
1,700,000
1,813,000
2,033,000
Toluca Mexico (i) Mexico (i) 422 km² 1.3 %
910,000
1,115,000
1,273,000
1,343,000
1,303,000
Toliary/Toliara Madagascar 18 km² 8 %
195,000
390,000
861,000
1,259,000
1,607,000
Tokyo (i) Japan (i) Kanto 4,510 km² 0 %
33,940,000
32,818,000
31,385,000
29,831,000
28,951,000
Tiruppur India (i) Tamil Nadu 145 km² 3 %
1,349,000
1,821,000
2,103,000
2,153,000
2,056,000
Tirupati India (i) Andhra Pradesh 46 km² 5.2 %
735,000
1,135,000
1,702,000
2,017,000
2,128,000
Tirunelveli-Palayankottai India (i) Tamil Nadu 62 km² 2.6 %
646,000
862,000
1,138,000
1,308,000
1,261,000
Tiruchchirappalli (i) India (i) Tamil Nadu 125 km² 3.3 %
1,453,000
2,012,000
2,562,000
2,510,000
2,372,000
Tijuana-Rosarito (i) Mexico (i) Baja California (i) 343 km² 1.5 %
2,061,000
2,345,000
2,646,000
2,851,000
3,016,000
Tiflis (i) Georgia (i) 191 km² 8 %
1,154,000
1,250,000
1,276,000
1,405,000
1,571,000
Tianjin (i) China (i) Tianjin 1,013 km² 1.8 %
9,583,000
12,420,000
14,750,000
15,363,000
14,833,000
Thiruvananthapuram India (i) Kerala 193 km² 4 %
1,526,000
2,228,000
3,366,000
4,361,000
4,522,000
Thies Senegal (i) 54 km² 5 %
415,000
610,000
880,000
1,070,000
1,200,000
Tete (i) Mozambique 55 km² 6 %
416,000
815,000
1,187,000
1,530,000
1,875,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Tel Aviv Israel 485 km² 1.7 %
2,871,000
3,656,000
4,751,000
6,010,000
6,869,000
Tehran (i) Iran Tehran 2,172 km² 0.55 %
14,959,000
17,164,000
21,353,000
21,685,000
21,160,000
Tegucigalpa Honduras 107 km² 2 %
1,092,000
1,419,000
1,780,000
2,109,000
2,277,000
Tegal-Brebes-Slawi Indonesia 95 km² 1.2 %
825,000
957,000
1,156,000
1,272,000
1,161,000
Techiman Ghana 57 km² 3.5 %
299,000
511,000
776,000
1,053,000
1,259,000
Taunggyi (i) Myanmar (Burma) 41 km² 4.4 %
403,000
648,000
1,036,000
1,305,000
1,441,000
Tasikmalaya Indonesia 101 km² 1.2 %
786,000
1,065,000
1,416,000
1,642,000
1,839,000
Tashkent (i) Uzbekistan 659 km² 2.5 %
3,295,000
4,382,000
5,959,000
6,882,000
6,675,000
Taomasina Madagascar 51 km² 6 %
415,000
747,000
1,569,000
2,534,000
3,069,000
Tanta Egypt 28 km² 3.5 %
620,000
900,000
1,269,000
1,586,000
1,665,000
Tangshan China (i) Hebei (i) 266 km² 1.8 %
2,006,000
2,365,000
2,554,000
2,535,000
2,383,000
Tanger Morocco (i) 88 km² 2 %
1,549,000
1,936,000
2,295,000
2,533,000
2,830,000
Tanga Tanzania 64 km² 3.3 %
340,000
530,000
1,085,000
1,831,000
2,371,000
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Bayont Point-Brandon United States (i) Florida (i) 1,965 km² 0.65 %
2,216,000
2,415,000
2,574,000
2,702,000
2,840,000
Tamanrasset Algeria 45 km² 4.5 %
158,000
237,000
500,000
1,200,000
1,500,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Tamale Ghana 85 km² 3.3 %
799,000
1,364,000
1,680,000
1,807,000
1,870,000
Taizhou China (i) Zhejiang (i) 162 km² 3.3 %
1,134,000
1,547,000
1,678,000
1,760,000
1,692,000
Taiyuan-Yuci China (i) Shanxi 489 km² 4.5 %
5,019,000
7,085,000
7,795,000
7,585,000
7,172,000
Taipeh (i) Taiwan 429 km² 0.4 %
9,243,000
9,705,000
10,093,000
10,372,000
10,351,000
Tainan Taiwan 173 km² 0.5 %
1,298,000
1,330,000
1,305,000
1,247,000
1,160,000
Taichung Taiwan 252 km² 0.5 %
1,798,000
1,863,000
1,832,000
1,741,000
1,646,000
Tai'an China (i) Shandong (i) 125 km² 3.5 %
1,258,000
1,673,000
1,890,000
1,965,000
1,895,000
Tahoua Niger 21 km² 4.5 %
214,000
453,000
873,000
1,586,000
1,860,000
Tabuk Saudi Arabia (i) 190 km² 2 %
653,000
868,000
1,171,000
1,336,000
1,350,000
Tabriz Iran Azerbayejan e Sharqi 171 km² 0.8 %
1,610,000
1,843,000
2,119,000
2,075,000
1,992,000
Tabora Tanzania 46 km² 4 %
238,000
389,000
731,000
1,206,000
1,540,000
Ta'izz Yemen 46 km² 2.5 %
659,000
1,086,000
1,837,000
2,571,000
2,661,000
Sylhet Bangladesh (i) 27 km² 5.1 %
967,000
1,769,000
2,538,000
3,505,000
4,556,000
Sydney Australia (i) New South Wales 1,630 km² 0.55 %
4,515,000
5,103,000
6,140,000
7,226,000
8,520,000
Suzhou (i) China (i) Jiangsu 864 km² 3.5 %
5,361,000
6,255,000
6,505,000
6,656,000
6,285,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Suzhou China (i) Anhui 96 km² 3.5 %
672,000
920,000
1,058,000
1,011,000
895,000
Surat India (i) Gujarat 181 km² 3.3 %
7,654,000
10,115,000
12,508,000
13,030,000
12,073,000
Surakarta/Solo Indonesia 139 km² 1.2 %
1,310,000
1,647,000
1,820,000
2,111,000
2,352,000
Surabaya Indonesia 585 km² 1.5 %
5,622,000
7,127,000
8,269,000
8,051,000
7,166,000
Sunyani Ghana 95 km² 3.5 %
423,000
698,000
942,000
1,125,000
1,318,000
Sulamaniya Iraq (i) 43 km² 2 %
913,000
1,258,000
1,541,000
1,801,000
2,000,000
Sukkur-Rohri (i) Pakistan (i) Sindh 41 km² 2.1 %
703,000
1,037,000
1,435,000
1,607,000
1,522,000
Suining (i) China (i) Sichuan (i) 74 km² 4.5 %
670,000
1,072,000
1,322,000
1,305,000
1,233,000
Suez Egypt 63 km² 3.5 %
760,000
1,026,000
1,451,000
1,815,000
1,835,000
Stuttgart-Metropole (i) Germany (i) Baden Würtemberg (i) 685 km² 0.35 %
1,757,000
1,828,000
1,940,000
2,114,000
2,330,000
Stockholm (i) Sweden (i) 637 km² 1.6 %
1,982,000
2,251,000
2,526,000
2,917,000
3,380,000
Srinagar India (i) Kashmir 144 km² 3 %
1,829,000
2,553,000
3,815,000
5,350,000
6,956,000
Sorocaba Brazil (i) 217 km² 1.3 %
799,000
935,000
1,045,000
1,059,000
1,012,000
Sonipat (i) India (i) Haryana 100 km² 6 %
485,000
1,121,000
1,660,000
2,158,000
2,330,000
Songea Tanzania 41 km² 5.5 %
310,000
539,000
740,000
1,138,000
1,335,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Sokoto Nigeria (i) 87 km² 4 %
783,000
1,403,000
2,154,000
3,384,000
4,113,000
Sofia (i) Bulgaria (i) 166 km² 5.5 %
1,341,000
1,546,000
1,518,000
1,585,000
1,741,000
Sinuiju North Korea (i) 21 km² 3 %
374,000
432,000
990,000
1,208,000
1,256,000
Singapur Singapore 712 km² 0.85 %
5,685,000
6,225,000
6,909,000
7,521,000
8,009,000
Silvassa (i) India (i) Dadra & Nagar Haveli 8 km² 6.5 %
195,000
2,000,000
2,734,000
3,175,000
3,385,000
Sikasso Mali 55 km² 5.5 %
395,000
750,000
1,230,000
1,835,000
2,023,000
Sihanoukville/Kampong Som Cambodia 35 km² 5 %
139,000
380,000
833,000
1,515,000
1,726,000
Sialkot (i) Pakistan (i) Punjab 111 km² 2.6 %
864,000
1,210,000
1,902,000
2,270,000
2,395,000
Sholapur/Solapur India (i) Maharashtra 59 km² 3 %
1,367,000
1,818,000
2,136,000
2,260,000
2,150,000
Shiyan (i) China (i) Hubei (i) 140 km² 5 %
993,000
1,375,000
1,351,000
1,270,000
1,122,000
Shiraz (i) Iran Fars 217 km² 2 %
1,782,000
2,281,000
2,554,000
2,580,000
2,452,000
Shinyanga Tanzania 25 km² 4.5 %
167,000
300,000
589,000
1,060,000
1,269,000
Shimoga/Shivamogga India (i) Karnataka 33 km² 3.3 %
455,000
676,000
845,000
1,015,000
960,000
Shimkent (i) Kazakhstan 263 km² 2 %
1,047,000
1,474,000
1,842,000
2,173,000
2,314,000
Shillong India (i) Meghalaya 32 km² 3.3 %
512,000
742,000
1,065,000
1,345,000
1,681,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Shiliguri India (i) West Bengal 98 km² 5 %
1,191,000
2,122,000
4,258,000
6,356,000
8,150,000
Shijiazhuang China (i) Hebei (i) 383 km² 4 %
3,392,000
4,753,000
5,780,000
6,069,000
5,834,000
Shenzhen-Dongguan (i) China (i) Guangdong (i) 3,940 km² 2.5 %
27,989,000
33,585,000
40,570,000
42,583,000
41,551,000
Shenyang (i) China (i) Liaoning 1,020 km² 1.2 %
5,969,000
6,686,000
6,820,000
6,612,000
6,205,000
Shekhupura (i) Pakistan (i) Punjab 54 km² 2 %
600,000
956,000
1,581,000
2,563,000
2,525,000
Sheffield (i) United Kingdom (i) England (i) 185 km² 0.35 %
738,000
788,000
886,000
1,018,000
1,133,000
Shaoyang-Xinshao China (i) Hunan 66 km² 4.2 %
697,000
1,059,000
1,294,000
1,253,000
1,166,000
Shaoxing-Keqiao (i) China (i) Zhejiang (i) 215 km² 2.5 %
1,290,000
1,618,000
1,705,000
1,765,000
1,713,000
Shaoguan China (i) Guangdong (i) 67 km² 4.1 %
641,000
872,000
1,016,000
1,138,000
1,095,000
Shantou (i) China (i) Guangdong (i) 473 km² 1.5 %
4,020,000
4,643,000
5,038,000
4,872,000
4,653,000
Shangrao China (i) Jiangxi 95 km² 3.5 %
892,000
1,383,000
1,638,000
1,620,000
1,562,000
Shangqiu China (i) Henan 120 km² 5.1 %
1,023,000
1,535,000
1,658,000
1,651,000
1,582,000
Shanghai-Metropole (i) China (i) Shanghai 3,100 km² 0.5 %
23,815,000
31,683,000
48,210,000
47,620,000
45,080,000
Shajahanpur India (i) Uttar Pradesh 24 km² 2.9 %
480,000
681,000
1,035,000
1,485,000
1,660,000
Sevilla-Dos Hermanas Spain (i) 218 km² 0 %
1,144,000
1,287,000
1,358,000
1,518,000
1,551,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Seremban Malaysia 156 km² 2 %
547,000
706,000
882,000
1,019,000
1,156,000
Serang-Cilegon Indonesia 128 km² 1.2 %
1,103,000
1,454,000
1,741,000
1,834,000
1,852,000
Seoul Metropole South Korea 2,881 km² 0 %
23,369,000
23,089,000
23,512,000
22,621,000
21,405,000
Sendai-Izumi Japan (i) Tohoku 308 km² -0.2 %
1,423,000
1,392,000
1,274,000
1,161,000
1,085,000
Semarang Indonesia 207 km² 1.2 %
1,947,000
2,517,000
2,878,000
3,177,000
3,035,000
Sekondi-Takoradi Ghana 140 km² 3.5 %
841,000
1,228,000
1,873,000
2,243,000
2,592,000
Seattle Metropole (i) United States (i) Washington (i) 2,400 km² 0.8 %
3,676,000
4,145,000
4,770,000
5,635,000
6,513,000
Satna India (i) Madhya Pradesh 35 km² 3.3 %
407,000
597,000
931,000
1,303,000
1,259,000
Sarh Chad 16 km² 3 %
163,000
365,000
675,000
1,113,000
1,558,000
Sargodha (i) Pakistan (i) Punjab 84 km² 2.5 %
806,000
1,183,000
1,679,000
2,215,000
2,375,000
Saragossa Spain (i) 57 km² 0 %
685,000
769,000
881,000
1,008,000
1,125,000
Sapporo Japan (i) Hokkaido 388 km² 0 %
2,212,000
2,164,000
2,075,000
1,952,000
1,927,000
Sao Paulo (i) Brazil (i) 2,466 km² 0.5 %
22,074,000
25,265,000
26,150,000
26,321,000
25,698,000
Sao Luis Brazil (i) 266 km² 0.7 %
1,180,000
1,322,000
1,427,000
1,425,000
1,333,000
Sao Jose dos Campos (i) Brazil (i) 174 km² 1.6 %
1,028,000
1,213,000
1,405,000
1,517,000
1,505,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Sanya China (i) Hainan 76 km² 8.5 %
494,000
1,037,000
2,177,000
3,350,000
3,681,000
Santos Metropole (i) Brazil (i) 228 km² 1.5 %
1,584,000
1,826,000
1,972,000
1,893,000
1,827,000
Santo Domingo Dominican Republic (i) 353 km² 1.5 %
3,742,000
4,257,000
4,735,000
5,122,000
5,381,000
Santiago de los Caballeros Dominican Republic (i) 84 km² 2.3 %
841,000
1,026,000
1,265,000
1,353,000
1,515,000
Santiago de Chile (i) Chile 1,253 km² 0.6 %
7,235,000
8,048,000
9,113,000
10,240,000
11,173,000
Santa Marta (i) Colombia 67 km² 1 %
534,000
670,000
891,000
1,069,000
1,234,000
Santa Cruz de la Sierra Bolivia 316 km² 2.5 %
1,741,000
2,063,000
2,321,000
2,506,000
2,711,000
Sanmenxia-Shanzhou-Pinglu China (i) Henan 98 km² 4.5 %
588,000
852,000
1,030,000
1,005,000
887,000
Sankt Petersburg-Metropole (i) Russia (i) Sankt Petersburg (i) 1,340 km² -2.8 %
6,054,000
5,454,000
5,831,000
5,715,000
5,555,000
Sanhe-Yanjiao-Xianghe Area (i) China (i) Hebei (i) 680 km² 4 %
1,356,000
2,500,000
3,350,000
3,850,000
3,800,000
Sangli-Miraj India (i) Maharashtra 50 km² 1.2 %
734,000
998,000
1,307,000
1,438,000
1,405,000
Sanaa (i) Yemen 320 km² 3.3 %
3,282,000
4,690,000
6,800,000
8,623,000
9,543,000
San Salvador-Apopa El Salvador 175 km² 0.5 %
1,626,000
1,665,000
1,642,000
1,732,000
1,818,000
San Pedro Sula-Choloma Honduras 122 km² 2 %
948,000
1,232,000
1,447,000
1,651,000
1,733,000
San Pedro Côte d’Ivoire 41 km² 3.5 %
381,000
655,000
1,105,000
1,576,000
2,061,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
San Luis Potosi-Soledad Graziano Mexico (i) San Luis Potosi (i) 189 km² 1.1 %
1,155,000
1,308,000
1,419,000
1,405,000
1,342,000
San Louis (i) United States (i) Missouri (i) 2,133 km² -0.35 %
2,042,000
1,988,000
2,057,000
2,205,000
2,120,000
San Jose Costa Rica 443 km² 2.6 %
2,339,000
2,620,000
2,915,000
3,265,000
3,454,000
San Fransisco-Oakland-San Jose (i) United States (i) California (i) 1,670 km² -0.85 %
4,988,000
5,053,000
5,709,000
6,755,000
7,577,000
San Diego (i) United States (i) California (i) 1,703 km² 0.25 %
3,012,000
3,237,000
3,515,000
3,853,000
4,285,000
San Antonio (i) United States (i) Texas (i) 1,385 km² 0.9 %
1,656,000
1,866,000
2,081,000
2,216,000
2,143,000
Sambalpur India (i) Odisha/Orissa 30 km² 1.5 %
337,000
450,000
787,000
1,209,000
1,412,000
Samarkand (i) Uzbekistan 366 km² 2.6 %
1,098,000
1,528,000
2,154,000
2,477,000
2,563,000
Samarinda-Lohjanan Indonesia 53 km² 3.5 %
873,000
1,411,000
2,116,000
3,375,000
3,581,000
Samara (i) Russia (i) Samara (i) 197 km² 0 %
1,201,000
1,115,000
1,184,000
1,257,000
1,227,000
Salvador (i) Brazil (i) 334 km² 0.9 %
3,208,000
3,609,000
4,710,000
5,235,000
6,063,000
Saltillo (i) Mexico (i) Coahuila (i) 195 km² 1.5 %
993,000
1,156,000
1,330,000
1,385,000
1,357,000
Salt Lake City-Ogden-Provo United States (i) Utah (i) 1,602 km² 2.5 %
1,912,000
2,225,000
2,735,000
3,208,000
3,680,000
Salerno India (i) Tamil Nadu 87 km² 3 %
1,325,000
1,828,000
2,412,000
2,785,000
2,968,000
Salalah Oman 125 km² 4.5 %
278,000
506,000
831,000
1,288,000
1,513,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Saigon (i) Vietnam 1,336 km² 3.3 %
10,825,000
15,331,000
20,690,000
21,225,000
18,280,000
Sahiwal (i) Pakistan (i) Punjab 47 km² 3 %
505,000
767,000
1,188,000
1,603,000
1,819,000
Saharanpur India (i) Uttar Pradesh 51 km² 4 %
1,175,000
1,833,000
2,474,000
3,166,000
3,577,000
Sagar India (i) Madhya Pradesh 27 km² 4 %
536,000
847,000
1,355,000
1,829,000
1,894,000
Sacramento-Citrus Hights United States (i) California (i) 1,151 km² 0.35 %
1,574,000
1,681,000
1,823,000
2,051,000
2,203,000
Sabadell-Terrassa-Cerdanyola Spain (i) 114 km² 0.4 %
787,000
871,000
1,058,000
1,313,000
1,559,000
Ruhrgebiet/Ruhrstadt (i) Germany (i) Nordrhein Westfalen (i) 1,702 km² -0.25 %
4,401,000
4,384,000
4,395,000
4,604,000
4,975,000
Rotterdam-Metropole (i) Netherlands (i) 660 km² 0.4 %
2,436,000
2,645,000
2,930,000
3,166,000
3,521,000
Rostow Russia (i) Rostov (i) 270 km² 1.1 %
1,134,000
1,225,000
1,276,000
1,252,000
1,221,000
Rosario (i) Argentina (i) Santa Fe (i) 306 km² 0.6 %
1,378,000
1,516,000
1,637,000
1,719,000
1,659,000
Roorkee India (i) Uttarkhand 30 km² 4.5 %
375,000
692,000
959,000
1,384,000
1,590,000
Rom Italy (i) Latium/Lazio (i) 605 km² -0.15 %
3,546,000
3,591,000
3,665,000
3,830,000
4,245,000
Rohtak India (i) Haryana 79 km² 5 %
610,000
1,035,000
1,635,000
2,158,000
2,373,000
Rizhao China (i) Shandong (i) 101 km² 4.5 %
808,000
1,282,000
1,602,000
1,887,000
1,861,000
Rio de Janeiro Brazil (i) 1,377 km² 0.5 %
12,833,000
13,533,000
14,315,000
15,270,000
16,052,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Richmond United States (i) Virginia (i) 1,003 km² 0.4 %
865,000
931,000
1,033,000
1,183,000
1,325,000
Riad (i) Saudi Arabia (i) 1,337 km² 3.8 %
8,912,000
12,127,000
13,352,000
15,251,000
16,166,000
Reynosa Mexico (i) Tamauliapas (i) 148 km² 1.5 %
721,000
885,000
1,038,000
1,162,000
1,155,000
Rewa India (i) Madhya Pradesh 49 km² 3.5 %
348,000
511,000
766,000
1,033,000
1,035,000
Recife Brazil (i) 451 km² 0.7 %
3,717,000
4,141,000
4,862,000
5,129,000
5,005,000
Raxaul India (i) Bihar 6 km² 8 %
85,000
190,000
456,000
1,051,000
1,535,000
Raurkela (i) India (i) Odisha/Orissa 59 km² 3.3 %
614,000
828,000
1,200,000
1,600,000
1,653,000
Rangun Myanmar (Burma) 405 km² 3.2 %
6,513,000
10,158,000
13,826,000
15,391,000
15,571,000
Rangpur Bangladesh (i) 24 km² 3.5 %
483,000
807,000
1,256,000
1,820,000
2,291,000
Ranchi India (i) Jharkhand 220 km² 5.5 %
1,890,000
3,213,000
5,468,000
8,475,000
10,245,000
Rampur India (i) Uttar Pradesh 20 km² 3 %
492,000
692,000
1,055,000
1,378,000
1,582,000
Raleigh-Cary-Durham (i) United States (i) North Carolina (i) 1,065 km² 1.3 %
993,000
1,132,000
1,423,000
1,608,000
1,696,000
Rajshahi Bangladesh (i) 39 km² 3.9 %
1,082,000
1,856,000
2,685,000
3,051,000
2,663,000
Rajkot India (i) Gujarat 105 km² 3.5 %
2,095,000
2,859,000
3,330,000
3,570,000
3,521,000
Rajamundry-Kovur India (i) Andhra Pradesh 63 km² 3 %
670,000
922,000
1,359,000
1,605,000
1,573,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Raipur (i) India (i) Chhattisgarh 103 km² 5 %
1,871,000
3,087,000
8,362,000
11,126,000
11,560,000
Rahimyar Khan (i) Pakistan (i) Punjab 47 km² 2.2 %
533,000
768,000
1,036,000
1,347,000
1,325,000
Rae Bareli India (i) Uttar Pradesh 20 km² 2.5 %
252,000
360,000
635,000
1,142,000
1,370,000
Rabat-Sale Morocco (i) 140 km² 3 %
2,572,000
3,413,000
4,031,000
4,539,000
5,000,000
Qurtaba City (i) Pakistan (i) Punjab 5 km² 10 %
5,000
560,000
1,500,000
2,500,000
3,100,000
Qujing China (i) Yunnan 96 km² 8 %
803,000
1,533,000
2,225,000
2,530,000
2,435,000
Quito (i) Ecuador 652 km² 1 %
2,058,000
2,718,000
3,403,000
3,930,000
4,716,000
Qui Nhon Vietnam 36 km² 8 %
263,000
625,000
1,271,000
1,672,000
1,657,000
Quetta (i) Pakistan (i) Beluchistan (i) 142 km² 4.5 %
1,533,000
2,330,000
3,774,000
5,855,000
7,143,000
Queretaro Mexico (i) Queretaro (i) 246 km² 1.3 %
1,191,000
1,352,000
1,468,000
1,585,000
1,520,000
Quanzhou (i) China (i) Fujian (i) 1,277 km² 1.5 %
4,411,000
5,000,000
5,345,000
4,836,000
4,513,000
Qiqihar China (i) Heilongjiang (i) 115 km² 1.2 %
1,029,000
1,165,000
1,124,000
1,185,000
1,084,000
Qinhuangdao (i) China (i) Hebei (i) 185 km² 2.5 %
1,215,000
1,525,000
1,761,000
1,884,000
1,861,000
Qingyuan China (i) Guangdong (i) 72 km² 4.2 %
1,197,000
1,651,000
1,857,000
1,836,000
1,735,000
Qingdao (i) China (i) Shandong (i) 627 km² 4.3 %
5,668,000
8,105,000
10,576,000
11,626,000
12,125,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Qadarif/Kadarif Sudan 66 km² 3 %
495,000
830,000
1,242,000
1,527,000
1,525,000
Pyöngyang North Korea (i) 208 km² 1.6 %
2,715,000
3,258,000
4,330,000
4,179,000
3,908,000
Putian China (i) Fujian (i) 73 km² 2.2 %
876,000
1,131,000
1,210,000
1,165,000
1,113,000
Purwakarta Indonesia 29 km² 1.1 %
263,000
408,000
673,000
1,035,000
1,305,000
Purnia India (i) Bihar 23 km² 4.8 %
465,000
720,000
1,166,000
1,676,000
1,941,000
Puri India (i) Odisha/Orissa 16 km² 3.5 %
273,000
395,000
805,000
1,638,000
1,883,000
Puning-Chaonan Area China (i) Guangdong (i) 426 km² 0.6 %
1,836,000
1,900,000
1,791,000
1,568,000
1,465,000
Pune-Pimpri Chinchwad India (i) Maharashtra 436 km² 3.4 %
8,469,000
11,603,000
16,115,000
18,250,000
18,575,000
Puebla (i) Mexico (i) Puebla (i) 497 km² 1.1 %
2,153,000
2,510,000
2,815,000
3,050,000
2,971,000
Puducherry City (i) India (i) Pondisherry 53 km² 2.7 %
947,000
1,303,000
1,733,000
1,821,000
1,760,000
Pretoria-Johannesburg (i) South Africa 3,372 km² 1.8 %
14,072,000
17,505,000
21,257,000
23,685,000
26,542,000
Prag (i) Czechia (i) 251 km² 6 %
1,386,000
1,557,000
1,687,000
1,778,000
2,000,000
Porto Alegre Brazil (i) 700 km² 0.4 %
3,615,000
3,915,000
4,355,000
4,318,000
4,355,000
Porto (i) Portugal (i) 252 km² -0.3 %
1,118,000
1,075,000
1,156,000
1,283,000
1,520,000
Portland Metropole (i) United States (i) Oregon (i) 1,152 km² 1.2 %
1,890,000
2,135,000
2,509,000
3,018,000
3,560,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Port Sudan/Bur Sudan Sudan 99 km² 3 %
717,000
1,505,000
3,531,000
6,051,000
7,220,000
Port Said-Port Fuad Egypt 33 km² 3 %
853,000
1,183,000
1,656,000
2,060,000
2,132,000
Port Moresby Papua New Guinea 81 km² 3.3 %
459,000
713,000
1,382,000
2,525,000
3,536,000
Port Lamu City (i) Kenya (i) 10 km² 10 %
10,000
500,000
3,000,000
5,000,000
6,200,000
Port Harcourt Nigeria (i) 255 km² 2.5 %
3,209,000
5,050,000
6,645,000
8,545,000
9,735,000
Port Elizabeth (i) South Africa 368 km² 1.5 %
1,275,000
1,551,000
2,113,000
2,831,000
3,471,000
Port au Prince Haiti 170 km² 1 %
2,868,000
3,871,000
4,858,000
5,538,000
5,815,000
Pontianak Indonesia 105 km² 2 %
695,000
1,031,000
1,438,000
2,000,000
2,259,000
Pokhara (i) Nepal 30 km² 3.5 %
474,000
715,000
1,502,000
2,515,000
3,143,000
Point Noire Congo - Brazzaville 209 km² 3.5 %
1,125,000
1,710,000
2,227,000
2,835,000
3,552,000
Pittsburgh United States (i) Pennsylvania (i) 911 km² -0.15 %
1,318,000
1,263,000
1,265,000
1,331,000
1,426,000
Pingtan City (i) China (i) Fujian (i) 9 km² 10 %
207,000
750,000
1,100,000
1,200,000
1,250,000
Pindingshan China (i) Henan 135 km² 3.5 %
889,000
1,200,000
1,381,000
1,340,000
1,179,000
Pietermaritzburg South Africa 356 km² 1.5 %
735,000
867,000
962,000
1,115,000
1,303,000
Phoenix (i) United States (i) Arizona (i) 2,786 km² 1.5 %
4,554,000
5,153,000
5,915,000
6,151,000
6,187,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Phnom Penh Cambodia 241 km² 4 %
2,731,000
4,533,000
7,083,000
8,310,000
8,537,000
Philadelphia Metropole (i) United States (i) Pennsylvania (i) 5,080 km² 0.2 %
6,083,000
6,417,000
6,765,000
7,275,000
7,878,000
Peshawar (i) Pakistan (i) Khyber Pakhtunkawa & FATA 313 km² 4 %
3,417,000
6,065,000
10,617,000
12,327,000
14,170,000
Perth (i) Australia (i) Western Australia 1,513 km² 1 %
2,013,000
2,351,000
3,159,000
4,025,000
5,250,000
Perm Russia (i) Perm (i) 180 km² 0.3 %
1,045,000
981,000
1,089,000
1,142,000
1,108,000
Penang Metropole (i) Malaysia 407 km² 2.1 %
1,573,000
1,906,000
2,253,000
2,638,000
2,928,000
Pemba Mozambique 30 km² 6 %
245,000
455,000
774,000
1,152,000
1,489,000
Pekanbaru Indonesia 192 km² 1.2 %
1,301,000
1,886,000
2,357,000
2,616,000
2,525,000
Pekalongan-Batang Indonesia 63 km² 1 %
656,000
823,000
1,028,000
1,233,000
1,252,000
Pearl River Delta City (i) China (i) Guangdong (i) 7,988 km² 1.5 %
57,000,000
70,530,000
76,170,000
75,350,000
72,800,000
Patna (i) India (i) Bihar 128 km² 5 %
3,203,000
6,332,000
12,265,000
22,352,000
25,870,000
Patiala India (i) Punjab 93 km² 3.5 %
675,000
1,045,000
1,410,000
1,566,000
1,525,000
Paris (i) France (i) Ile de France (i) 1,853 km² 0.25 %
9,891,000
10,614,000
12,020,000
13,351,000
15,050,000
Parakou Benin 90 km² 4 %
593,000
970,000
1,367,000
1,956,000
2,535,000
Paradeep/Paradwip India (i) Odisha/Orissa 65 km² 3.5 %
65,000
160,000
600,000
1,500,000
1,875,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Panjin China (i) Liaoning 142 km² 0.5 %
1,123,000
1,157,000
1,095,000
1,021,000
890,000
Panipat India (i) Haryana 63 km² 5 %
718,000
1,125,000
1,710,000
2,063,000
2,310,000
Panama City (i) Panama 300 km² 2.3 %
1,896,000
2,385,000
2,933,000
3,461,000
3,917,000
Palwal India (i) Haryana 21 km² 5 %
248,000
503,000
889,000
1,335,000
1,360,000
Palu Indonesia 67 km² 0 %
400,000
608,000
918,000
1,255,000
1,336,000
Palembang Indonesia 201 km² 1 %
2,122,000
2,652,000
3,129,000
3,301,000
3,188,000
Padang Indonesia 164 km² 1.2 %
1,405,000
1,896,000
2,551,000
3,187,000
3,375,000
Pachuca de Soto (2050 mit Mexico City fusioniert) Mexico (i) Hidalgo (i) 150 km² 2.5 %
441,000
626,000
1,027,000
1,505,000
1,565,000
Oyo Nigeria (i) 53 km² 2.5 %
519,000
843,000
1,035,000
1,273,000
1,436,000
Owerri Nigeria (i) 73 km² 3.5 %
677,000
1,225,000
1,954,000
2,531,000
2,905,000
Ouagadougou Burkina Faso (i) Centre (i) 486 km² 4 %
3,218,000
5,258,000
8,219,000
9,821,000
11,380,000
Ottawa-Hull-Nepean Canada (i) Ontario 424 km² 1.8 %
1,105,000
1,246,000
1,470,000
1,752,000
2,122,000
Oslo Norway (i) 243 km² 1.25 %
1,036,000
1,170,000
1,421,000
1,756,000
2,187,000
Oshogbo-Ede Nigeria (i) 94 km² 2.6 %
1,289,000
1,635,000
2,008,000
2,366,000
2,580,000
Osaka (i) Japan (i) Kansai 1,740 km² -0.22 %
14,655,000
14,172,000
13,588,000
13,043,000
12,553,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Orlando (i) United States (i) Florida (i) 1,605 km² 1 %
1,597,000
1,670,000
1,970,000
2,325,000
2,673,000
Ordos City China (i) Nei Mongol 340 km² 8.5 %
595,000
1,500,000
1,870,000
1,975,000
1,845,000
Oran Algeria 143 km² 1.6 %
1,332,000
1,938,000
2,771,000
3,571,000
4,017,000
Onitsha-Asaba Nigeria (i) 135 km² 3.1 %
1,691,000
2,741,000
3,701,000
4,372,000
5,075,000
Ondo Nigeria (i) 27 km² 3.2 %
720,000
1,111,000
1,355,000
1,695,000
2,025,000
Omsk Russia (i) Omsk (i) 281 km² -0.35 %
1,143,000
1,097,000
1,115,000
1,188,000
1,158,000
Omaha (i) United States (i) Nebraska (i) 641 km² 0.5 %
775,000
840,000
915,000
1,036,000
1,103,000
Oklahoma City (i) United States (i) Oklahoma (i) 1,326 km² 1.1 %
1,105,000
1,217,000
1,403,000
1,578,000
1,660,000
Okene-Adabi Nigeria (i) 68 km² 3.2 %
606,000
899,000
1,265,000
1,530,000
1,881,000
Okara (i) Pakistan (i) Punjab 23 km² 2.3 %
454,000
652,000
945,000
1,153,000
1,228,000
Ogbomosho Nigeria (i) 50 km² 2.5 %
608,000
1,048,000
1,409,000
1,784,000
2,054,000
Odessa (i) Ukraine (i) 212 km² -30 %
1,073,000
643,000
855,000
1,026,000
1,108,000
Oaxaca (i) Mexico (i) Oaxaca (i) 128 km² 1.8 %
552,000
667,000
1,002,000
1,153,000
1,215,000
Nzerecore Guinea (i) 47 km² 5 %
445,000
730,000
1,050,000
1,530,000
1,760,000
Nusantara City (i) Indonesia 561 km² 30 %
***
1,000,000
5,000,000
7,785,000
8,800,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Nürnberg Metropole Germany (i) Bayern (i) 428 km² 0.5 %
889,000
943,000
995,000
1,130,000
1,226,000
Nur Sultan (Astana) Kazakhstan 285 km² 2.5 %
1,137,000
1,546,000
2,000,000
2,581,000
3,011,000
Novosibirsk (i) Russia (i) Novosibirsk (i) 431 km² 0 %
1,684,000
1,713,000
1,831,000
1,809,000
1,859,000
Nottingham United Kingdom (i) England (i) 174 km² 0.55 %
750,000
801,000
896,000
1,030,000
1,195,000
Norfolk-Hampton-Virginia Beach United States (i) Virginia (i) 858 km² -0.35 %
1,574,000
1,585,000
1,672,000
1,773,000
1,750,000
Niznij Novgorod Russia (i) Niznij Novgorod (i) 256 km² -0.35 %
1,246,000
1,181,000
1,135,000
1,074,000
1,018,000
Nizamabad India (i) Telangana 25 km² 1.3 %
452,000
678,000
983,000
1,310,000
1,506,000
Niyala Sudan 77 km² 5 %
891,000
1,427,000
1,855,000
1,751,000
1,251,000
Ningbo (i) China (i) Zhejiang (i) 546 km² 3.5 %
3,731,000
5,127,000
5,895,000
6,385,000
6,219,000
Niamey (i) Niger 154 km² 5 %
2,108,000
3,890,000
8,165,000
15,270,000
18,845,000
Nha Thrang (i) Vietnam 83 km² 2.5 %
305,000
457,000
1,005,000
1,427,000
1,598,000
Ngaoundere Cameroon 43 km² 5 %
682,000
930,000
1,188,000
1,510,000
1,718,000
Newcastle Metropole (i) United Kingdom (i) England (i) 321 km² 0 %
1,128,000
1,165,000
1,285,000
1,432,000
1,650,000
New York (i) United States (i) New York (i) 6,383 km² -0.3 %
18,133,000
19,233,000
21,001,000
22,673,000
25,065,000
New Mirpur City (i) Pakistan (i) Azad Kashmir 41 km² 3.5 %
159,000
333,000
730,000
1,125,000
1,545,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
New Clark City neues Stadtprojekt- ab 2030 mit Angeles-Mabalakat Area Philippines 0 km² 0 %
***
3,528,000
4,225,000
5,565,000
6,618,000
Nellore-Kovur India (i) Andhra Pradesh 51 km² 4.2 %
831,000
1,204,000
1,589,000
1,520,000
1,355,000
Ndola Zambia (i) 103 km² 5 %
809,000
1,278,000
1,661,000
2,045,000
2,520,000
Naypydaw Myanmar (Burma) 202 km² 10 %
390,000
1,300,000
2,150,000
3,000,000
3,631,000
Nawakshut (i) Mauritania (i) 174 km² 4.3 %
1,297,000
1,900,000
2,432,000
3,077,000
3,185,000
Nawada India (i) Bihar 9 km² 2 %
185,000
318,000
588,000
1,172,000
1,553,000
Navsari India (i) Gujarat 21 km² 1.3 %
401,000
587,000
1,068,000
1,275,000
1,212,000
Natal (i) Brazil (i) 196 km² 1.3 %
1,244,000
1,437,000
1,740,000
1,878,000
2,025,000
Nashville-Murfreesboro-Franklin (i) United States (i) Tennessee (i) 1,538 km² 1.1 %
1,242,000
1,369,000
1,663,000
1,804,000
2,000,000
Nashik India (i) Maharashtra 130 km² 3.7 %
2,393,000
3,565,000
4,589,000
5,135,000
5,541,000
Nara-Ikoma-Tenri-Sakurai Area Japan (i) Kansai 335 km² -0.2 %
1,284,000
1,210,000
1,122,000
1,015,000
929,000
Napoli Metropole (i) Italy (i) Kampanien/Campania (i) 671 km² -0.2 %
3,673,000
3,562,000
3,663,000
3,856,000
4,176,000
Nanyang China (i) Henan 111 km² 3.5 %
1,308,000
1,831,000
1,942,000
1,911,000
1,812,000
Nantong China (i) Jiangsu 149 km² 2.5 %
1,529,000
1,911,000
2,035,000
1,962,000
1,810,000
Nanning China (i) Guangxi 334 km² 5.5 %
4,389,000
6,691,000
7,674,000
8,133,000
8,189,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Nanjing China (i) Jiangsu 805 km² 3.3 %
6,525,000
8,613,000
9,608,000
9,941,000
9,536,000
Nanded India (i) Maharashtra 51 km² 2.9 %
801,000
1,105,000
1,460,000
1,533,000
1,580,000
Nanchong (i) China (i) Sichuan (i) 77 km² 5.2 %
825,000
1,352,000
1,670,000
1,745,000
1,682,000
Nanchang China (i) Jiangxi 439 km² 7.5 %
3,305,000
5,951,000
8,108,000
9,121,000
8,836,000
Nampula Mozambique 93 km² 6 %
876,000
1,454,000
2,181,000
2,600,000
2,866,000
Namibe/Mocamedes Angola 25 km² 3.2 %
314,000
575,000
816,000
1,224,000
1,627,000
Namangan (i) Uzbekistan 185 km² 1.8 %
716,000
956,000
1,242,000
1,450,000
1,426,000
Nakuru Kenya (i) 103 km² 4 %
656,000
1,181,000
1,653,000
2,520,000
2,835,000
Najaf-Kufah Iraq (i) 77 km² 2.5 %
963,000
1,251,000
1,450,000
1,691,000
1,658,000
Nairobi (i) Kenya (i) 733 km² 4.5 %
7,258,000
12,032,000
16,714,000
24,089,000
25,671,000
Naha-Okinawa-Gushikawa Japan (i) Kyushu-Okinawa 401 km² 0.6 %
1,135,000
1,160,000
1,235,000
1,315,000
1,380,000
Nagpur India (i) Maharashtra 290 km² 3.5 %
3,703,000
5,228,000
8,048,000
10,033,000
10,356,000
Nagoya-Ichinomiya-Gifu-Toyota Japan (i) Chubu 2,418 km² -0.2 %
7,718,000
7,473,000
6,838,000
6,118,000
5,862,000
Nagercoil (i) India (i) Tamil Nadu 31 km² 2.5 %
293,000
397,000
815,000
1,276,000
1,538,000
Nagaon India (i) Assam 23 km² 2.3 %
184,000
272,000
575,000
1,010,000
1,265,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Nacala (i) Mozambique 40 km² 5 %
448,000
1,378,000
2,273,000
3,066,000
3,516,000
N'Djamena Chad 185 km² 5.5 %
1,605,000
2,742,000
4,387,000
8,081,000
10,156,000
Mzuzu Malawi 46 km² 6.5 %
247,000
506,000
911,000
1,557,000
1,759,000
Mwene Ditu Congo - Kinshasa (i) 34 km² 4 %
261,000
431,000
669,000
1,135,000
1,488,000
Mwanza Tanzania 160 km² 5 %
1,075,000
1,825,000
2,774,000
4,150,000
4,814,000
Muzafferpur India (i) Bihar 43 km² 5.5 %
621,000
1,026,000
2,117,000
3,274,000
4,125,000
Muzaffernagar India (i) Uttar Pradesh 26 km² 3.5 %
762,000
1,228,000
1,719,000
2,158,000
2,271,000
Mutare Zimbabwe 67 km² 2.2 %
253,000
369,000
685,000
1,266,000
1,613,000
Musoma Tanzania 32 km² 5 %
218,000
393,000
688,000
1,115,000
1,261,000
Munger-Jamalpur India (i) Bihar 35 km² 2.7 %
443,000
603,000
934,000
1,329,000
1,655,000
München-Metropole (i) Germany (i) Bayern (i) 717 km² 1.1 %
2,114,000
2,359,000
2,629,000
2,905,000
3,256,000
München (i) Germany (i) Bayern (i) 311 km² 1 %
1,528,000
1,683,000
1,845,000
1,995,000
2,215,000
Mumbai (i) India (i) Maharashtra 1,089 km² 2.8 %
29,950,000
38,386,000
50,822,000
61,323,000
65,073,000
Multan (i) Pakistan (i) Punjab 188 km² 2.2 %
2,440,000
3,415,000
4,225,000
4,648,000
4,393,000
Mudanjiang China (i) Heilongjiang (i) 65 km² 0.5 %
808,000
895,000
1,034,000
1,155,000
1,310,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Mubi Nigeria (i) 28 km² 4 %
266,000
510,000
759,000
1,125,000
1,528,000
Muanda Congo - Kinshasa (i) 26 km² 4.5 %
120,000
240,000
685,000
1,275,000
2,000,000
Moundou Chad 23 km² 3 %
201,000
354,000
732,000
1,243,000
1,864,000
Mosul Iraq (i) 140 km² 3 %
1,457,000
2,097,000
2,631,000
3,031,000
2,871,000
Moskau (i) Russia (i) Moskau (i) 3,907 km² -2 %
17,517,000
16,355,000
17,800,000
17,511,000
16,859,000
Moshi Tanzania 42 km² 4.5 %
261,000
535,000
1,175,000
2,116,000
2,856,000
Morogoro Tanzania 46 km² 4 %
422,000
675,000
1,248,000
1,806,000
2,082,000
Morelia Mexico (i) Michoacan (i) 170 km² 0.75 %
812,000
881,000
951,000
1,036,000
1,103,000
Moradabad (i) India (i) Uttar Pradesh 59 km² 4.1 %
1,439,000
2,315,000
3,148,000
3,776,000
3,681,000
Montreal-Laval Canada (i) Quebec 1,038 km² 1 %
3,151,000
3,500,000
4,135,000
4,783,000
5,575,000
Montevideo (i) Uruguay (i) 341 km² 0.35 %
1,708,000
1,790,000
1,942,000
2,155,000
2,380,000
Monterrey (i) Mexico (i) Nuevo Leon (i) 1,060 km² 1.5 %
4,975,000
5,923,000
7,071,000
8,025,000
8,350,000
Monrovia Liberia 341 km² 3.5 %
1,740,000
2,283,000
3,074,000
3,571,000
4,323,000
Mombasa Kenya (i) 112 km² 4 %
1,389,000
2,430,000
4,472,000
6,074,000
6,890,000
Mogadischu Somalia (i) 98 km² 6.5 %
2,305,000
4,000,000
5,300,000
6,650,000
7,150,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Misratah Libya 220 km² 2.5 %
726,000
929,000
1,216,000
1,319,000
1,452,000
Mirzapur India (i) Uttar Pradesh 18 km² 2.5 %
325,000
442,000
675,000
1,050,000
1,243,000
Minsk Belarus 316 km² 0 %
2,036,000
2,110,000
2,060,000
1,880,000
1,850,000
Minneapolis-St.Paul United States (i) Minnesota (i) 2,306 km² 0.35 %
2,592,000
2,713,000
3,071,000
3,265,000
3,673,000
Minna Nigeria (i) 51 km² 3.3 %
448,000
648,000
861,000
1,116,000
1,295,000
Mingora/Mingaora (i) Pakistan (i) Khyber Pakhtunkawa & FATA 18 km² 3 %
446,000
870,000
1,339,000
1,941,000
2,252,000
Milwaukee Metropole (i) United States (i) Wisconsin (i) 1,203 km² -0.2 %
1,414,000
1,436,000
1,529,000
1,659,000
1,895,000
Milano Metropole Italy (i) Lombardei/Lomardia (i) 1,341 km² 0.25 %
5,428,000
5,633,000
5,780,000
6,081,000
6,831,000
Mianyang (i) China (i) Sichuan (i) 182 km² 5.5 %
1,193,000
1,968,000
2,685,000
2,900,000
2,805,000
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach United States (i) Florida (i) 3,464 km² 1 %
5,891,000
6,385,000
7,085,000
7,700,000
8,365,000
Mexico-City (Metropole) (i) Mexico (i) Distrito Federal (i) 2,030 km² 0.5 %
20,553,000
23,635,000
25,189,000
26,836,000
25,565,000
Mersin Turkey (i) Mittelmeer-Region 101 km² 1.5 %
1,061,000
1,345,000
1,566,000
1,683,000
1,765,000
Merida (i) Mexico (i) Yucatan (i) 328 km² 1.3 %
1,140,000
1,336,000
1,429,000
1,460,000
1,443,000
Mendoza (i) Argentina (i) Mendoza (i) 261 km² 0.9 %
1,059,000
1,180,000
1,342,000
1,523,000
1,705,000
Memphis United States (i) Tennessee (i) 1,006 km² 0 %
1,088,000
1,143,000
1,206,000
1,265,000
1,315,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Melbourne Australia (i) Victoria 1,921 km² 0.65 %
4,380,000
5,166,000
6,351,000
7,732,000
9,050,000
Meknes Morocco (i) 75 km² 1.1 %
748,000
886,000
992,000
1,135,000
1,152,000
Mekka Saudi Arabia (i) 427 km² 3 %
2,042,000
2,705,000
3,665,000
4,750,000
5,205,000
Mekele Ethiopia Tigray 39 km² 6 %
399,000
850,000
1,520,000
2,550,000
3,060,000
Meerut (i) India (i) Uttar Pradesh 255 km² 3.8 %
2,073,000
3,127,000
4,693,000
6,856,000
6,671,000
Medina Saudi Arabia (i) 367 km² 1.8 %
1,485,000
1,900,000
2,308,000
2,531,000
2,474,000
Medillin (i) Colombia 200 km² 0.8 %
4,051,000
4,619,000
5,150,000
5,518,000
5,683,000
Medan Metropole Indonesia 426 km² 2.8 %
3,726,000
5,402,000
7,617,000
8,782,000
9,308,000
Mbuji Mayi Congo - Kinshasa (i) 95 km² 3.6 %
2,262,000
3,225,000
4,188,000
5,119,000
6,000,000
Mbour Senegal (i) 65 km² 4 %
322,000
630,000
1,000,000
1,550,000
1,860,000
Mbeya-Mbalizi-Uyole Tanzania 100 km² 5.5 %
775,000
1,255,000
2,057,000
2,660,000
2,861,000
Mbarara Uganda 23 km² 6 %
221,000
403,000
846,000
1,662,000
2,182,000
Mbandaka Congo - Kinshasa (i) 31 km² 4 %
447,000
728,000
1,057,000
1,439,000
1,685,000
Mazar e Sharif Afghanistan (i) 69 km² 2.6 %
634,000
1,050,000
1,570,000
2,120,000
2,680,000
Maulmein Myanmar (Burma) 28 km² 1.8 %
354,000
482,000
827,000
1,200,000
1,335,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Mau/Maunath Bhanjan India (i) Uttar Pradesh 25 km² 3 %
390,000
590,000
844,000
1,176,000
1,352,000
Mathura (i) India (i) Uttar Pradesh 69 km² 4.5 %
765,000
1,289,000
2,337,000
3,342,000
3,760,000
Mataram Indonesia 80 km² 1.5 %
543,000
745,000
990,000
1,213,000
1,431,000
Matadi Congo - Kinshasa (i) 37 km² 3.5 %
450,000
808,000
1,317,000
2,008,000
2,560,000
Maskat-As Sib Oman 410 km² 4 %
1,063,000
1,616,000
2,376,000
3,100,000
3,452,000
Mashad Iran Khorashan Rezavi 278 km² 1.5 %
3,316,000
4,035,000
4,611,000
4,665,000
4,502,000
Marseille (i) France (i) Provence Alpes Cote Azur (i) 308 km² 0.15 %
1,212,000
1,315,000
1,431,000
1,685,000
2,040,000
Marsa Matruh Egypt 39 km² 3.5 %
168,000
313,000
757,000
1,123,000
1,530,000
Marrakesh (i) Morocco (i) 92 km² 1.5 %
1,375,000
1,808,000
2,024,000
2,262,000
2,412,000
Maroua Cameroon 29 km² 6.5 %
377,000
683,000
1,035,000
1,509,000
1,750,000
Mardan-Nowshera Area (i) Pakistan (i) Khyber Pakhtunkawa & FATA 142 km² 3 %
702,000
1,095,000
2,158,000
2,822,000
3,185,000
Maradi (i) Niger 24 km² 4 %
412,000
762,000
1,672,000
2,508,000
3,010,000
Maracaibo Venezuela (i) 223 km² 1.5 %
1,991,000
2,309,000
3,004,000
3,459,000
3,580,000
Maputo (i) Mozambique 695 km² 4.5 %
3,156,000
5,681,000
8,635,000
12,517,000
13,555,000
Mansura-Talkha Egypt 39 km² 3.5 %
791,000
1,147,000
1,605,000
1,776,000
1,853,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Mansehra (i) Pakistan (i) Khyber Pakhtunkawa & FATA 32 km² 5 %
256,000
397,000
1,050,000
1,550,000
1,870,000
Mannheim-Metropole (i) Germany (i) Baden Würtemberg (i) 283 km² 0.85 %
804,000
840,000
891,000
1,013,000
1,125,000
Manila (i) Philippines 1,803 km² 1.2 %
27,208,000
32,105,000
35,671,000
37,372,000
36,430,000
Mangalore India (i) Karnataka 180 km² 4.1 %
965,000
1,474,000
1,916,000
2,203,000
2,511,000
Mandalay Myanmar (Burma) 115 km² 3.2 %
1,780,000
3,022,000
4,586,000
6,172,000
7,159,000
Manchester (i) United Kingdom (i) England (i) 580 km² 0.7 %
2,825,000
3,017,000
3,469,000
4,006,000
4,513,000
Manaus Brazil (i) 442 km² 1.3 %
2,208,000
2,605,000
2,900,000
3,159,000
3,250,000
Manama-Muharak Bahrain 389 km² 1.8 %
1,516,000
1,860,000
2,200,000
2,560,000
2,436,000
Managua (i) Nicaragua 140 km² 2.3 %
1,165,000
1,628,000
2,056,000
2,571,000
2,859,000
Manado Indonesia 67 km² 1.3 %
511,000
726,000
1,158,000
1,505,000
1,685,000
Malindi Kenya (i) 13 km² 3 %
138,000
267,000
655,000
1,365,000
2,036,000
Malegaon India (i) Maharashtra 30 km² 3.3 %
828,000
1,158,000
1,551,000
1,652,000
1,615,000
Malanje Angola 60 km² 3.4 %
401,000
621,000
838,000
1,112,000
1,335,000
Malang-Batu-Lawang Indonesia 246 km² 1 %
1,364,000
1,773,000
2,198,000
2,536,000
2,468,000
Malakka Malaysia 163 km² 1.3 %
536,000
653,000
802,000
1,010,000
1,172,000
Stadt (⇳) Staat (⇳) Region (⇳) Fläche (⇳) akt. Wachstum 2022 (⇳) Einwohner
2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Malaga-Benalmadena Spain (i) 113 km² 0.4 %
729,000
826,000
962,000
1,117,000
1,333,000
Malabo Equatorial Guinea (i) 61 km² 5 %
248,000
384,000
625,000
1,055,000
1,510,000
Makurdi Nigeria (i) 72 km² 3.3 %